The Hoanib Pride

Xpl-3 "Adolf" Xpl-47 "Bianca" Xpl-72 "The 70's"

The death of Xpl-3.
The death of the Hoanib Male (Xpl-3 or "Adolf") marks the end of an era. Xpl-3 was born in September 1998 near the Aub Canyon. Along with four siblings, he emigrated from the Aub/Barab area to the Hoanib & Hoaruseb Rivers between 2001 & 2002 (see animation below). Xpl-3 died from bullet wounds on 21 November 2009. The investigation into his death is ongoing.

Animation of how the home range of Xpl-3 changed between 2000 and 2009 (right).

 

 

 

 

 

Images of Xpl-3 captured during the ten years that he was observed (below).

November 1999
March 2000
August 2001 - Clay Castles
December 2004
August 2007
May 2008
Novwnbwe 2008 (Laura Brown)
February 2009
May 2009
July 2009
August 2009
September 2009

Since the GPS collar was fitted to Xpl-3 in May 2008 we have learnt a lot about his movements. Much of which was unknown, even though he has been radio collared and studied, using conventional radio telemetry, for almost ten years. This has been a humbling experience because, prior to the GPS collars, I honestly believed that I understood the movements of the desert lions. This was, admittedly, an arrogant mistake and the results from the GPS collar revealed that he regularly moves between both the Hoanib Floodplain Pride and the Hoanib/Hunkap Pride, with occasional visits to the Hoaruseb River. Based on these interesting results it was decided that Xpl-3 should be fitted with the Satellite GPS collar, originally on Xpl-16 “Miles” from the Ugab River. On 14 Nov 2008 “Adolf” (Xpl-3) was darted on the Hoanib Floodplain and fitted with the Satellite GPS collar.

The Satellite GPS collar is unique in that we receive daily updates on the movements of the lion. The collar was programmed to record eleven position co-ordinates (fixes) per day. At the end of each day the collar transfers the fixes to the Televilt server in Sweden, via a commercial satellite communications network, and an email, with the GPS fixes, is then sent to the Desert Lion Conservation (see copy of email - right).

Originally the adult male lion "Adolf" (Xpl-3) was selected to carry the GPS collar designated for the Hoanib Floodplain Pride. He has a remarkable history and is the only surviving member of 11 male cubs born in September 1998; that marked the recovery of the lion population. At the age of ten years "Adolf" is in remarkably good condition, and he is the oldest and most prolific male in the Desert population.

Darting history of Xpl-3

Dart 1) Nov 1999 - 14 months
Dart 2) Feb 2001 - 2 yr 3 mo
Dart 3) July 2002 - 3 yr 8 mo
Dart 4) Dec 2004 - 6 yr 3 mo
Dart 5) August 2007 - 9 years "King of the Desert."
 
Dart 6) May 2008 - 9 yr 6 mo (fitting the GPS collar)
Dart 7) November 2008 - 10 yr 3 mo (fitting the Satellite GPS collar)

Full movement animation of Xpl-3 prior to his death on 21 November 2009. Detailed movement animations are now also available for the period between August and November 2009 (see below).

11 - 22 November 2009

Date
Distance (km)
09/11/2009
0.1
10/11/2009
0.1
11/11/2009
8.2
12/11/2009
8.4
13/11/2009
3.2
14/11/2009
10.7
15/11/2009
13.4
16/11/2009
21.1
17/11/2009
18.2
18/11/2009
10.6
19/11/2009
12.1
20/11/2009
1.6
21/11/2009
0.8
22/11/2009
DEAD

 

2009
NOV
DEC
2008
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